Double-layered anti-reflective coating for heterojunction solar cells

South Korean scientists have developed a novel coating that purportedly reduces average cell reflectance and significantly increases short-circuit current. The coating is based on aluminum oxide and indium tin oxide.

Researchers from Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) in South Korea have developed an anti-reflective coating for silicon heterojunction solar cells that can purportedly improve lower short-circuit current (Jsc), which is one of their well-known weaknesses.

The scientists said that heterojunction cells based on thin wafers have low absorption efficiency in the red and near-infrared portions of the solar spectrum, which in turn results in lower Jsc.

“The hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) emitter layer causes excessive reflection losses in SHJ solar cells owing to their high refractive index,” they explained. “Therefore, lowering the optical losses would improve the absorption properties of a solar cell, which is the crucial aspect for attaining high efficiency.”

The double-layered anti-reflection coating (DLARC) is based on a dielectric layer aluminum oxide placed on top of an indium tin oxide layer, with a thickness of 50 nm to 70 nm.

Via an optical simulation, the academics were able to observe that the novel layer can significantly minimize the optical losses in cells. According to their measurements, the solar cell with the aluminum oxide/indium tin oxide DLARC showed an increase in external quantum efficiency, which defines the ratio of the number of electrons in the external circuit produced by an incident photon of a given wavelength, from 76.89% to 84.34%. It also exhibited a reduction of average reflectance from 9.33% to 4.74% and an increase in Jsc 39.91 mA/cm2 to 41.13 mA/cm2, as compared to the cell fabricated with a coating based on the ITO layer alone.

“The improved optical and electrical properties lead to increase the cell efficiency from 20.95% to 21.60%,” the scientists affirmed. “These results suggest that the fabricated (aluminum oxide/indium tin oxide) DLARC can be effectively used in industrial silicon heterojunction solar cell applications.”

The scientists described the anti-reflective coating in “Improved Optical and Electrical Properties for Heterojunction Solar Cell using Al2O3/ITO Double-layer Anti-Reflective Coating,” which was recently published in Results in Physics.


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